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Ethiopian Journal of Development Research Vol 33 No. 1

Ethiopian Journal of Development Research Vol 33 No. 1

Author: Addis Ababa University
Year: 2011
Abstract:

Farmers’ perceptions of climate change and its agricultural impacts in the Abay and Baro-Akobo river basins, Ethiopia

This article presents an assessment of farms’ perceptions of climate change and its agricultural impacts in the Ethiopian portion of the Nile and Baro-Akobo river basins. A total of 500 randomly selected households were interviewed from 15 kebeles in five woredas , three each from dega, woina-dega and kolla agro-ecological zone.  In addition, focus group discussion and key informant were conducted in each kebele. Descriptive statistics and X2 and F tests were used to summarize quantitative data, while qualitative data were organized and used to augment the quantitative analysis. Results indicate that a majority of farmers perceived climate change as manifested in temperature and rainfall changes, over the past two to three decades.  Regarding agricultural impacts, 77% of respondents started having observed reduction in crop production while 60% observed reduction in the length of crop growing period. Similarly, 79%, 62% and 44% of respondents Perceived increased incidence of insects, plant diseases, and weeds, respectively. Also, about 59% of the respondents perceived shift of suitable areas for major crops. The belg season production, in the traditionally belg growing areas has been almost totally abandoned. A higher proportion of areas households in dega and kola areas perceived negative agricultural impacts as compared to those in woina-dega, the differences being statistically significant. Similarly, statistically significant gender - based difference were observed in perception of climate change and its agricultural impacts, where the proportion of females perceiving climate change was lower than that of males. its conclude that there is a need for identification and promotion of community – based adaption measures that take into account local perceptions and knowledge of climate change and its multiple impacts.

Climate change and Variability, its impact on rural livelihoods, local coping and adaptation strategies in Woreilu woreda, North Eastern Ethiopia

The Study examines local climate change and variability situations, trends and impacts on the local adaption and coping strategies in woreilu  woresa. it uses historically recorded temperature and rainfall, and household socio-economic and data gathered from four kebeles, 8 village and 154rural household, which were analyzed using  statistical tools and qualitative data analyzing techniques. The study revealed that the annual rainfall amount showed decreasing trend and increased variability while temperature has, in general, increased. Drought has become more frequent and intense. As the local adaptation strategies become outdated, the people confronted with a situation that they are not sufficiently equipped to handle impacts of climate variability and change. Thus, the study suggests a relentless need to address these challenges both from short and long term policy perspectives.

A comparative Analysis of vulnerabilities of pastoralists and Agro-Pastoralists to climate change: A case study in yabello Woreda of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

the article aims at measuring and comparing relative vulnerabilities of pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in yabello woreda of Borena Zone in oromia region. The study used vulnerability indicator method to determine the level of vulnerability of household and social groups. The study shows that half of the sample households are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Among these highly vulnerable household agro-pastoralists comprise the highest proportions (60.5%) of the highly vulnerable households. This implies that the pastoral livelihood system is more resilient to climate shocks and variability compared to that of agro- Pastoralism in the study area. Generally, it pointed out that restore to agro-Pastoralism, though forced by local circumstances, seems to be a risky alternative. the problem , therefore, demands further investigation and effort to create better policy, institution and infrastructure in order to widen opportunities to alternative and supplemental livelihood sources and resources

GIS and Remote sensing based Assessment of climate change impacts on food security : the case of central rift valley and Adjacent Highlands

The effects of climate change are severe in developing countries like Ethiopia where agriculture is the dominant economy. The remote sensing and GIS based analysis of climate change impact is crucial to help Ethiopia benefit the most form the technology. This study aims at assessing changes and variation in climate change has resulted in food insecurity. Thirty five years data analyzed from 22 meteorological stations indicate that temperature is rising by 0.370c in the central rift valley and by 0.480c in the adjacent highland every 12 years along with insignificant rise of rainfall in intensity.


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