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Attacking Poverty through Participatory Governance of Natural Resources: A Case Study of Zimbabwe

Author: Stephen Mandivengerei
Abstract: Following their attainment of political independence, many governments in Southern Africa have been reluctant to decentralise and devolve authority over natural resources to communities resident with the resources. This dearth of participation in natural resource governance by communities has made it difficult for rural communities to take a proactive role in management and conservation in their areas. This has often culminated in unsustainable appropriation of common property resources. The Zimbabwean government embarked on local government reform after independence in 1980 by decentralizing and devolving authority over natural resources to local structures and communities. The main objective of this study is to examine how the implementation of the CAMPFIRE programme in Mashonaland West Province has enhanced participatory governance of natural resources and community development. This study also examines the particular factors that have influenced decentralization and local governance processes for natural resources under CAMPFIRE in Hurungwe and Nyaminyami districts of Mashonaland West. The study employed both the qualitative and quantitative paradigms of social enquiry. The qualitative paradigm was employed to capture issues relating people
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